Diastema, otherwise known as gap tooth in layman’s terms, is a fairly common dental condition that involves having a noticeable amount of space between two or more of your teeth. Typically the two front teeth are affected, but other teeth in your mouth can also display a prominent space between them as well. Although conventional beauty standards might lead you to believe that having a gap between your teeth is unattractive, undesirable, or unhealthy, some cultures embrace this aesthetic imperfection and even consider it to be a symbol of good fortune.
The French have a very affirmative view regarding people with gaps between their teeth. They refer to the condition as “dents du bonheur”, which translates to “lucky teeth”. In fact, many celebrities such as Dakota Johnson, Madonna, and Anna Paquin proudly sport their gap teeth and this unique physical feature hasn’t hindered either one of their careers in the entertainment industry. If you’re wondering whether having a gap between your teeth can have a negative impact on your oral health, however, then you should schedule an appointment at your dental clinic to learn more about this condition.
What Is Diastema?
As mentioned, diastema is the clinical term for a gap formation between two or more teeth in your mouth. Generally speaking, this isn’t a serious or life-threatening condition. That being said, however, there are some individual cases in which having a gap between your teeth can be a signifier of poor dental health or lack of proper oral hygiene. Inflammation in the gums caused by bacteria buildup from lack of brushing or flossing can eventually force your teeth to pull apart from one another, creating a small or large gap. If you notice that your gums are red, swollen or tender to the touch and bleed every time you brush or floss then this could be an indicator that you have an infection such as gingivitis.
What Causes a Gap Formation between Your Teeth?
Oftentimes, diastema is a genetic condition that’s passed down from one generation to another and has more to do with the size, shape, and natural structure of the jaw bone and teeth. It can also develop over time, most notably in children who have a rampant thumb-sucking habit. The pressure from sucking on your thumb for a long period of time can actually push your teeth apart from one another, particularly the two upper front teeth.
Another habitual cause of gaps between your teeth is the popular tongue thrust, which has to do with the position of the tongue while you chew and swallow food. Some children and even adults have a subconscious habit of pushing their tongue against the backs of their two upper front teeth. Over time, this can cause the space between the teeth to widen.
How Common Are Dental Gaps?
Dental gaps are actually very common! Most people are ashamed of this dental imperfection and tend to undergo corrective procedures to repair it purely for aesthetic purposes. Of course, aesthetic standards are relative to where you happen to live.
Also, considering the fact that a number of famous celebrities unabashedly have elected to keep the gaps between their teeth, this is proof that there’s nothing to be ashamed of and gaps are becoming increasingly acceptable in our modern society.
Actor Willem Dafoe appeared in a short film entitled Willem Dafoe: Mind the Gap in which he boldly shows off the many gaps between his teeth and proudly proclaims that they “enriched” his life and even demonstrated the numerous virtues of having spaces between your teeth. Meanwhile, in a more comical Vanity Fair segment, Dakota Johnson demonstrated how many items she could physically fit in the significant gap between her two front teeth. The answer is a lot.
The decision to repair the gap between your teeth or leave it as is, is completely personal and shouldn’t be influenced by what other people think. It should be influenced by your own personal desires, comfort, and level of oral health. There are situations in which your dentist might recommend closing the gap between your teeth for health reasons, in which case, you should definitely oblige.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Having a Gap Between Your Teeth
Depending on how you look at it and your personal experiences, there are a number of pros and cons to having a gap between your teeth.
- Some people consider it very attractive
- Some cultures consider it a sign of good luck
- It gives you a unique appearance
- Properly cleaning the space between your teeth can be challenging
- If you don’t clean the gap thoroughly, you could develop periodontal infections
- Some people with particularly wide gaps between their teeth can develop speech impediments such as lisps
- Tongue thrusting can become a serious issue in patients with particularly large gaps between their teeth
As you can see, the majority of the cons of having a gap between your teeth have to do with potentially developing dental issues. However, if you happen to like the appearance of your tooth gap or aren’t bothered by it, then you might opt to keep it as is. If this is the case, then be sure to have your dentist check on it regularly to ensure that you don’t develop any periodontal problems along the way.
Can a Gap Between Your Teeth Be Closed?
There are several options you have for closing a gap between your teeth. Braces or Invisalign treatment are the two most popular treatments for adolescents or adults. For older adults, bonding and dental veneers that are specially constructed to match the shape and colour of your other teeth can be placed in the gap depending on how wide it is
How to Fix Dental Gaps between Your Teeth
Although many people have embraced the natural aesthetic of the gaps between their teeth, there are a few medical reasons why you should consider closing them. As mentioned, failing to thoroughly clean the space between your teeth can lead to potentially serious periodontal infections. Food-borne bacteria thrive in a warm and wet environment and the space between your teeth is the perfect place for them to multiply.
If you’re at risk of periodontitis or simply want to fix the dental gaps between your teeth for aesthetic purposes, talk to your dentist about the following treatment options.
Minor tooth gaps can be closed with dental bonding, a cosmetic procedure that involves applying a tooth-coloured bonding material to fill the space between your teeth. Your dentist will prepare the teeth surrounding the gap by reshaping them to make sure they’re structurally sound enough to hold the composite resin material in place. Once the composite has hardened, you can continue chewing and caring for your teeth as you normally would.
Veneers and Crowns
Veneers and crowns are a suitable cosmetic option when the teeth surrounding the gap also need a little work. Porcelain veneers are made to match the exact aesthetic of your teeth and can be used to cover minor cracks or discolouration while also closing tooth gaps.
Porcelain crowns or bridges can be placed in particularly large gaps. They’re made to look and function like your surrounding teeth so they blend in seamlessly.
Invisalign or Braces
Tooth gaps are often caused by natural misalignment in the jaw. Using advanced 3D technology to create custom-made corrective plastic trays, Invisalign is a discreet treatment that aligns and straightens tooth formations. Over time, the clear trays gently push the teeth closer together to effectively close the gap and improve the patient’s bite. This is the perfect option for adults who want to inconspicuously fix their tooth gaps and align their teeth.
Braces also perform the exact same function, except they’re visible. Considered to be one of the most effective orthodontic treatments to close tooth gaps, braces are an excellent long-term solution for people of all ages.
Whichever option you choose, maintenance and cleanliness are of the utmost importance. Your dentist will demonstrate the proper Invisalign tray cleaning and braces brushing methods to use to ensure that your dental appliances perform optimally.
Dental implants are typically used in situations where a patient has lost a tooth. The resulting tooth gap can leave the patient vulnerable to bacterial infections, tooth misalignment, and even bone loss. It’s important to act quickly to prevent this from happening. When it comes to permanent tooth loss, dental implants are a long-lasting solution that could potentially prevent further oral health issues down the line. At Princeview we do part of the work and process for this procedure, referring out to periodontists or oral surgeons for their piece of this solution.
Contact Princeview Dental Group for solutions to fix gaps
One of the treatments that our staff perform is diagnosing and treating dental gaps between your teeth. At the Princeview Dental Group we can suggest and implement a range of solutions outlined above, in a timeframe and budget to suit the needs of each patient.
Contact us today to discuss how we can help you at our new office at, 3052 Bloor Street West, located west of Royal York Road on the north side of Bloor Street West.